Christian Science we learn that the substitution of the spiritual for the
material definition of a Scriptural word often elucidates the meaning of the
inspired writer. On this account this chapter is added. It contains the
metaphysical interpretation of Bible terms, giving their spiritual sense,
which is also their original meaning.
Watchfulness; self-offering; surrendering to the creator the early fruits of
Fidelity; faith in the divine Life and in the eternal Principle of being.
This patriarch illustrated the purpose of Love
to create trust in good, and showed the life-preserving power of spiritual
Error; a falsity; the belief in "original sin," sickness, and death;
evil; the opposite of good, - of God and His creation; a curse; a belief in
intelligent matter, finiteness, and mortality; "dust to dust;" red
sandstone; nothingness; the first god of mythology; not God's man, who
represents the one God and is His own image and likeness; the opposite of
Spirit and His creations; that which is not the image and likeness of good,
but a material belief, opposed to the one Mind, or Spirit; a so-called finite
mind, producing other minds, thus making "gods many and lords many"
(I Corinthians viii. 5); a product of nothing as the mimicry of something; an
unreality as opposed to the great reality of spiritual existence and creation;
a so-called man, whose origin, substance, and mind are found to be the
antipode of God, or Spirit; an inverted image of Spirit; the image and
likeness of what God has not created, namely, matter, sin, sickness, and
death; the opposer of Truth, termed error; Life's counterfeit, which ultimates
in death; the opposite of Love, called hate; the usurper of Spirit's creation,
called self-creative matter; immortality's 'opposite, mortality; that of which
wisdom saith, "Thou shalt surely die."
The name Adam represents the false supposition
that Life is not eternal, but has beginning and end; that the infinite enters
the finite, that intelligence passes into non-intelligence, and that Soul
dwells in material sense; that immortal Mind results in matter, and matter in
mortal mind; that the one God and creator entered what He created, and then
disappeared in the atheism of matter.
An adversary is one who opposes, denies, disputes, not one who constructs and
sustains reality and Truth. Jesus said of the devil, "He was a murderer
from the beginning, . . . he is a liar and the father of it." This view
of Satan is confirmed by the name often conferred upon him in Scripture, the
All-power; infinity; omnipotence.
God's thoughts passing to man; spiritual intuitions, pure and perfect; the
inspiration of goodness, purity, and immortality, counteracting all evil,
sensuality, and mortality.
Safety; the idea, or reflection, of Truth, proved to be as immortal as its
Principle; the understanding of Spirit, destroying belief in matter.
God and man coexistent and eternal; Science
showing that the spiritual realities of all things are created by Him and
exist forever. The ark indicates temptation overcome and followed by
(Jacob's son). Hope and faith; spiritual compensation; the ills of the flesh
Self-destroying error; a kingdom divided against itself, which cannot stand;
The higher false knowledge builds on the basis
of evidence obtained from the five corporeal senses, the more confusion
ensues, and the more certain is the downfall of its structure.
Purification by Spirit; submergence in Spirit.
We are "willing rather to be absent from
the body, and to be present with the Lord." (II Corinthians v. 8.)
Firmness and constancy; not a faltering nor a blind faith, but the perception
of spiritual Truth. Mortal thoughts, illusion.
(Jacob's son). A physical belief as to life, substance, and mind; human
knowledge, or so-called mortal mind, devoted to matter; pride; envy; fame;
illusion; a false belief; error masquerading as the possessor of life,
strength, animation, and power to act.
Renewal of affections; self-offering; an
improved state of mortal mind; the introduction of a more spiritual origin; a
gleam of the infinite idea of the infinite Principle; a spiritual type; that
which comforts, consoles, and supports.
Purity and innocence, conceiving man in the idea of God; a sense of Soul,
which has spiritual bliss and enjoys but cannot suffer.
Spiritual understanding; the pure consciousness that God, the divine
Principle, creates man as His own spiritual idea, and that God is the only
Corporeality and physical sense put out of sight and hearing; annihilation.
Submergence in Spirit; immortality brought to light.
(the son of Ham). A sensuous belief; the testimony of what is termed material
sense; the error which would make man mortal and would make mortal mind a
slave to the body.
The spiritual thoughts and representatives of Life, Truth, and Love.
Sensual and mortal beliefs; counterfeits of
creation, whose better originals are God's thoughts, not in embryo, but in
maturity; material suppositions of life, substance, and intelligence, opposed
to the Science of being.
of Israel. The representatives of Soul, not corporeal sense;
the offspring of Spirit, who, having wrestled with error, sin, and sense, are
governed by divine Science; some of the ideas of God beheld as men, casting
out error and healing the sick; Christ's offspring.
The divine manifestation of God, which comes to the flesh to destroy incarnate
The structure of Truth and Love; whatever rests upon and proceeds from divine
The Church is that institution, which affords
proof of its utility and is found elevating the race, rousing the dormant
understanding from material beliefs to the apprehension of spiritual ideas and
the demonstration of divine Science, thereby casting out devils, or error, and
healing the sick.
Spirit; Mind; intelligence; the animating divine Principle of all that is real
and good; self-existent Life, Truth, and Love; that which is perfect and
eternal; the opposite of matter and evil, which have no Principle; God, who
made all that was made and could not create an atom or an element the opposite
(Jacob's son). Animal magnetism; so-called mortal mind controlling mortal
mind; error, working out the designs of error; one belief preying upon
The irradiance of Life; light, the spiritual idea of Truth and Love.
"And the evening and the morning were the
first day." (Genesis i. 5.) The objects of time and sense disappear in
the illumination of spiritual understanding, and Mind measures time according
to the good that is unfolded. This unfolding is God's day, and "there
shall be no night there."
An illusion, the lie of life in matter; the unreal and untrue; the opposite of
Matter has no life, hence it has no real
existence. Mind is immortal. The flesh, warring against Spirit; that which
frets itself free from one belief only to be fettered by another, until every
belief of life where Life is not yields to eternal Life. Any material evidence
of death is false, for it contradicts the spiritual facts of being.
Evil; a lie; error; neither corporeality nor mind; the opposite of Truth; a
belief in sin, sickness, and death; animal magnetism or hypnotism; the lust of
the flesh, which saith: "I am life and intelligence in matter. There is
more than one mind, for I am mind, - a wicked mind, self-made or created by a
tribal god and put into the opposite of mind, termed matter, thence to
reproduce a mortal universe, including man, not after the image and likeness
of Spirit, but after its own image."
A symbol of divine Science; purity and peace; hope and faith.
Nothingness; the absence of substance, life, or intelligence.
Not organs of the so-called corporeal senses, but spiritual understanding.
Jesus said, referring to spiritual perception,
"Having ears, hear ye not?" (Mark viii. 18.)
A sphere; a type of eternity and immortality, which are likewise without
beginning or end.
To material sense, earth is matter; to
spiritual sense, it is a compound idea.
Prophecy; spiritual evidence opposed to material sense; Christian Science,
with which can be discerned the spiritual fact of whatever the material senses
behold; the basis of immortality.
"Elias truly shall first come and restore
all things." (Matthew xvii. 11.)
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 472.
(river). Divine Science encompassing the universe and man; the true idea of
God; a type of the glory which is to come; metaphysics taking the place of
physics; the reign of righteousness. The atmosphere of human belief before it
accepts sin, sickness, or death; a state of mortal thought, the only error of
which is limitation; finity; the opposite of infinity.
A beginning; mortality; that which does not last forever; a finite belief
concerning life, substance, and intelligence in matter; error; the belief that
the human race originated materially instead of spiritually, - that man
started first from dust, second from a rib, and third from an egg.
Mistiness of mortal thought; weariness of mortal mind; obscured views; peace
Spiritual discernment, - not material but mental.
Jesus said, thinking of the outward vision,
"Having eyes, see ye not?" (Mark viii. 18.)
Separator of fable from fact; that which gives action to thought.
Eternal Life; the one Mind; the divine Principle, commonly called God.
Heat; inflammation; anxiety; ignorance; error; desire; caution.
Fear; remorse; lust; hatred; destruction; affliction purifying and elevating
Spiritual understanding; the scientific line of demarcation between Truth and
error, between Spirit and so-called matter.
An error of physical belief; a supposition that life, substance, and
intelligence are in matter; an illusion; a belief that matter has sensation.
(Jacob's son). Science; spiritual being understood; haste towards harmony.
Patient woe; the human yielding to the divine; love meeting no response, but
still remaining love.
An illusion; a belief that mind is outlined and limited; a supposition that
spirit is finite.
(river). The rights of woman acknowledged morally, civilly, and socially.
The great I AM; the all-knowing, all-seeing, all-acting, all-wise, all-loving,
and eternal; Principle; Mind; Soul; Spirit; Life; Truth; Love; all substance;
Mythology; a belief that life, substance, and intelligence are both mental and
material; a supposition of sentient physicality; the belief that infinite Mind
is in finite forms; the various theories that hold mind to be a material
sense, existing in brain, nerve, matter; supposititious minds, or souls, going
in and out of matter, erring and mortal; the serpents of error, which say,
"Ye shall be as gods."
God is one God, infinite and perfect, and
cannot become finite and imperfect.
God; Spirit; omnipotence; omniscience; omnipresence; omni-action.
(Noah's son). Corporeal belief; sensuality; slavery; tyranny.
Mortal feelings, motives, affections, joys, and sorrows.
Harmony; the reign of Spirit; government by divine Principle; spirituality;
bliss; the atmosphere of Soul.
Mortal belief; error; lust; remorse; hatred; revenge; sin; sickness; death;
suffering and self-destruction; self-imposed agony; effects of sin; that which
"worketh abomination or maketh a lie."
(river). Divine Science understood and acknowledged.
Ghost. Divine Science; the development of eternal Life, Truth,
Ego. Divine Principle; Spirit; Soul; incorporeal, unerring,
immortal, and eternal Mind.
There is but one I, or Us, but one divine
Principle, or Mind, governing all existence; man and woman unchanged forever
in their individual characters, even as numbers which never blend with each
other, though they are governed by one Principle. All the objects of God's
creation reflect one Mind, and whatever reflects not this one Mind, is false
and erroneous, even the belief that life, substance, and intelligence are both
mental and material.
God; incorporeal and eternal Mind; divine Principle; the only Ego.
A term obsolete in Science if used with reference to Spirit, or Deity.
Substance; self-existent and eternal Mind; that which is never unconscious nor
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 469.
(Jacob's son). A corporeal belief; the offspring of error; envy; hatred;
selfishness; self-will; lust.
A corporeal mortal embracing duplicity, repentance, sensualism. Inspiration;
the revelation of Science, in which the so-called material senses yield to the
spiritual sense of Life and Love.
(Noah's son). A type of spiritual peace, flowing from the understanding that
God is the divine Principle of all existence, and that man is His idea, the
child of His care.
Mortal belief and knowledge obtained from the five corporeal senses; the pride
of power and the power of pride; sensuality; envy; oppression; tyranny. Home,
The highest human corporeal concept of the divine idea, rebuking and
destroying error and bringing to light man's immortality.
A corporeal mortal; a higher sense of Truth rebuking mortal belief, or error,
and showing the immortality and supremacy of Truth; pure affection blessing
A corporeal material belief progressing and disappearing; the spiritual
understanding of God and man appearing.
of Heaven. The reign of harmony in divine Science; the realm
of unerring, eternal, and omnipotent Mind; the atmosphere of Spirit, where
Soul is supreme.
Evidence obtained from the five corporeal senses; mortality; beliefs and
opinions; human theories, doctrines, hypotheses; that which is not divine and
is the origin of sin, sickness, and death; the opposite of spiritual Truth and
God. The spiritual idea of Love; self-immolation; innocence
and purity; sacrifice.
(Jacob's son). A corporeal and sensual belief; mortal man; denial of the
fulness of God's creation; ecclesiastical despotism.
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 468.
In the Hebrew, this term is sometimes employed as a title, which has the
inferior sense of master, or ruler. In the Greek, the word kurios
almost always has this lower sense, unless specially coupled with the name
God. Its higher signification is Supreme Ruler.
This double term is not used in the first
chapter of Genesis, the record of spiritual creation. It is introduced in the
second and following chapters, when the spiritual sense of God and of infinity
is disappearing from the recorder's thought, - when the true scientific
statements of the Scriptures become clouded through a physical sense of God as
finite and corporeal. From this follow idolatry and mythology, - belief in
many gods, or material intelligences, as the opposite of the one Spirit, or
intelligence, named Elohim, or God.
The compound idea of infinite Spirit; the spiritual image and likeness of God;
the full representation of Mind.
Mythology; mortality; another name for mortal mind; illusion; intelligence,
substance, and life in non-intelligence and mortality; life resulting in
death, and death in life; sensation in the sensationless; mind originating in
matter; the opposite of Truth; the opposite of Spirit; the opposite of God;
that of which immortal Mind takes no cognizance; that which mortal mind sees,
feels, hears, tastes, and smells only in belief.
The only I, or Us; the only Spirit, Soul, divine Principle, substance, Life,
Truth, Love; the one God; not that which is in
man, but the divine Principle, or God, of whom man is the full and perfect
expression; Deity, which outlines but is not outlined.
That which is divinely natural, but must be learned humanly; a phenomenon of
Light; symbol of Truth; revelation and progress.
Mind. Nothing claiming to be something, for Mind is immortal;
mythology; error creating other errors; a suppositional material sense, alias
the belief that sensation is in matter, which is sensationless; a belief that
life, substance, and intelligence are in and of matter; the opposite of
Spirit, and therefore the opposite of God, or good; the belief that life has a
beginning and therefore an end; the belief that man is the offspring of
mortals; the belief that there can be more than one creator; idolatry; the
subjective states of error; material senses; that which neither exists in
Science nor can be recognized by the spiritual sense; sin; sickness; death.
A corporeal mortal; moral courage; a type of moral law and the demonstration
thereof; the proof that, without the gospel, - the union of justice and
affection, - there is something spiritually lacking, since justice demands
penalties under the law.
God; divine and eternal Principle; Life, Truth, and Love.
Jerusalem. Divine Science; the spiritual facts and harmony of
the universe; the kingdom of heaven, or reign of harmony.
Darkness; doubt; fear.
A corporeal mortal; knowledge of the nothingness of material things and of the
immortality of all that is spiritual.
Consecration; charity; gentleness; prayer; heavenly inspiration.
Corporeal and sensuous belief; self-righteousness; vanity; hypocrisy.
(river). The love of the good and beautiful, and their immortality.
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 465.
A spiritual seer; disappearance of material sense before the conscious facts
of spiritual Truth.
Laying up treasures in matter; error.
Dragon. Error; fear; inflammation; sensuality; subtlety;
animal magnetism; envy; revenge.
Spiritualization of thought; a new and higher idea of immortality, or
spiritual existence; material belief yielding to spiritual understanding.
(Jacob's son). Corporeality; sensuality; delusion; mortality; error.
Channel of thought.
When smooth and unobstructed, it typifies the
course of Truth; but muddy, foaming, and dashing, it is a type of error.
Spiritual foundation; Truth. Coldness and stubbornness.
Life, Truth, and Love understood and demonstrated as supreme over all; sin,
sickness, and death destroyed.
The signet of error revealed by Truth.
( ophis, in Greek; nacash,
in Hebrew). Subtlety; a lie; the opposite of Truth, named error; the first
statement of mythology and idolatry; the belief in more than one God; animal
magnetism; the first lie of limitation; finity; the first claim that there is
an opposite of Spirit, or good, termed matter, or evil; the first delusion
that error exists as fact; the first claim that sin, sickness, and death are
the realities of life. The first audible claim that God was not omnipotent and
that there was another power, named evil,
which was as real and eternal as God, good.
Innocence; inoffensiveness; those who follow their leader.
(Noah's son). A corporeal mortal; kindly affection; love rebuking error;
reproof of sensualism.
The Son of God, the Messiah or Christ. The son of man, the offspring of the
flesh. "Son of a year."
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 466.
Divine substance; Mind; divine Principle; all that is good; God; that only
which is perfect, everlasting, omnipresent, omnipotent, infinite.
Mortal beliefs; corporeality; evil minds; supposed intelligences, or gods; the
opposites of God; errors; hallucinations. (See page 466.)
See chapter on Recapitulation, page 468.
The symbol of Soul governing man, - of Truth, Life, and Love.
The idea of Truth; justice. Revenge; anger.
Mortality; error; sin; sickness; disease; death.
Body; the idea of Life, substance, and intelligence; the superstructure of
Truth; the shrine of Love; a material superstructure, where mortals congregate
Perfection; the eternal demand of divine Science.
The Urim and Thummim, which were to be on
Aaron's breast when he went before Jehovah, were holiness and purification of
thought and deed, which alone can fit us for the office of spiritual teaching.
Mortal measurements; limits, in which are summed up all human acts, thoughts,
beliefs, opinions, knowledge; matter; error; that which begins before, and
continues after, what is termed death, until the mortal disappears and
spiritual perfection appears.
Contribution; tenth part; homage; gratitude. A sacrifice to the gods.
Impure thoughts; error; sin; dirt.
Opposition to the divine Principle and its spiritual idea.
That which spiritual sense alone comprehends, and which is unknown to the
Paganism and agnosticism may define Deity as
"the great unknowable;" but Christian Science brings God much nearer
to man, and makes Him better known as the All-in-all, forever near.
Paul saw in Athens an altar dedicated "to
the unknown God." Referring to it, he said to the Athenians: "Whom
therefore ye ignorantly worship, Him declare I unto you." (Acts xvii.
The rabbins believed that the stones in the
breast-plate of the high-priest had supernatural illumination, but Christian
Science reveals Spirit, not matter, as the illuminator of all. The
illuminations of Science give us a sense of the nothingness of error, and they
show the spiritual inspiration of Love and Truth to be the only fit
preparation for admission to the presence and power of the Most High.
Depression; meekness; darkness.
"Though I walk through the valley of the
shadow of death, I will fear no evil." (Psalm xxiii. 4.)
Though the way is dark in mortal sense, divine
Life and Love illumine it, destroy the unrest of mortal thought, the fear of
death, and the supposed reality of error. Christian Science, contradicting
sense, maketh the valley to bud and blossom as the rose.
A cover; concealment; hiding; hypocrisy.
The Jewish women wore veils over their faces in
token of reverence and submission and in accordance with Pharisaical notions.
The Judaic religion consisted mostly of rites
and ceremonies. The motives and affections of a man were of little value, if
only he appeared unto men to fast. The great Nazarene, as meek as he was
mighty, rebuked the hypocrisy, which offered long petitions for blessings upon
material methods, but cloaked the crime, latent in thought, which was ready to
spring into action and crucify God's anointed. The martyrdom of Jesus was the
culminating sin of Pharisaism. It rent the veil of the temple. It revealed the
false foundations and superstructures of superficial religion, tore from
bigotry and superstition their coverings, and opened the sepulchre with divine
Science, - immortality and Love.
Loneliness; doubt; darkness. Spontaneity of thought and idea; the vestibule in
which a material sense of things disappears, and spiritual sense unfolds the
great facts of existence.
The motive-power of error; mortal belief; animal power. The might and wisdom
"For this is the will of God." (I
Thessalonians iv. 3.)
Will, as a quality of so-called mortal mind, is
a wrongdoer; hence it should not be confounded with the term as applied to
Mind or to one of God's qualities.
That which indicates the might of omnipotence and the movements of God's
spiritual government, encompassing all things. Destruction; anger; mortal
The Greek word for wind
( pneuma) is used also
for spirit, as in the
passage in John's Gospel, the third chapter, where we read: "The wind [
pneuma] bloweth where it listeth. . . . So is every
one that is born of the Spirit pneuma]."
Here the original word is the same in both cases, yet it has received
different translations, as in other passages in this same chapter and
elsewhere in the New Testament. This shows how our Master had constantly to
employ words of material significance in order to unfold spiritual thoughts.
In the record of Jesus' supposed death, we read: "He bowed his head, and
gave up the ghost;" but this word ghost
is pneuma. It might be
translated wind or air,
and the phrase is equivalent to our common statement, "He breathed his
last." What Jesus gave up was indeed air, an etherealized form of matter,
for never did he give up Spirit, or Soul.
Inspiration; understanding. Error; fornication; temptation; passion.
A solar measurement of time; mortality; space for repentance.
"One day is with the Lord as a thousand
years." (II Peter iii. 8.)
One moment of divine consciousness, or the
spiritual understanding of Life and Love, is a foretaste of eternity. This
exalted view, obtained and retained when the Science of being is understood,
would bridge over with life discerned spiritually the interval of death, and
man would be in the full consciousness of his immortality and eternal harmony,
where sin, sickness, and death are unknown. Time is a mortal thought, the
divisor of which is the solar year. Eternity is God's measurement of
As applied to corporeality, a mortal; finity.
The reflected animation of Life, Truth, and Love. Blind enthusiasm; mortal
Spiritual foundation and superstructure; inspiration; spiritual strength.
Emptiness; unfaithfulness; desolation.